When the dog is burned, prompt intervention is the only thing to do. There are many ways in which a dog can get burned, especially if he lives with humans: fire, boiling water, chemicals, electric cables.
Types of burns in dogs
The classification of burns goes from superficial to deep and there are precisely three degrees. Each grade has typical characteristics that are important to know to act immediately.
First degree: the burn is shallow, the hair appears burnt and the skin reddened, small blisters form, followed by scabs.
The owner must immediately apply cold water or an ice pack, leaving it in contact with the area for fifteen to twenty minutes. Avoid ointments, oil, or butter but apply cortisone ointments on the injured area. If the wound does not seem to heal in 48 hours, or you notice any substance leaks, it is likely that the dog’s burn is much deeper and that he should immediately be taken to the vet.
Second degree: the deeper layers of the skin are affected, which appears black-purple or white, due to the death of the tissues. If we are faced with this type of burn it is necessary to cleanse the lesion well with cold water, previously boiled, then cover the burn with sterile gauze and run to the veterinary clinic. Burns can be much more complicated.
Chemical burns: these are due to chemical agents with which the dog has come into contact. The affected part must be washed immediately with water and neutral soap, never use solvents. We must then check our dog’s breathing and make sure that he has not entered a state of shock from the strong trauma. So get him to the vet quickly.
Electricity burns: Your dog may play or inadvertently bite into electrical wires or come into contact with exposed current transmitters. Now consider the dog’s symptoms: burns to the lips and tongue, shock, cardio-respiratory arrest. Then proceed by disconnecting the power and removing the plug from the socket, with a non-conductor as protection, such as rubber gloves. Then make sure that the dog still has the heartbeat, this can be done by simply placing a hand on the chest, at the bottom, of the animal, placing the dog on a blanket, and warming it, for example with hot water bottle. Then take him to the vet immediately.
What not to do in case of a dog burn
Never remove any pieces of skin or fabric that may have stuck to the wound. Never pierce the blisters that are created as this could spread the infection.
Always avoid alcohol or disinfectants because they contain elements that can burn the skin alive.